Forests and Plains are somewhat opposites of each other, plains are vast expanses of open land and forests are tree covered areas. These parts of the Earth have been especially manipulated by man, and the world has much less forested area because of timbering and urbanization.
There are 4 major types of forests: Tropical Rainforest, Temperate Deciduous Forest, Temperate Coniferous Forest, and Boreal Forest.
Tropical Rainforests are found near the equator. They have some of the most diverse flora and fauna in the world. Most of the world’s rainforests are in Africa in the Zaire Basin and Madagascar, Asia in India and Southeast Asia, and America in the Amazon River Basin.
Temperate Deciduous forests are found in the Eastern United States and Canada, Western Europe and Russia, and in China and Japan. Temperate forests contain fertile soil and diverse wild and plant life who have adapted to survive in a climate that experiences the four distinct seasons.
Temperate Coniferous Forests are located near coasts, in areas with lots of rainfall, and/or areas with mild winters such as the Pacific Northwest of the US and Canada, Southwestern South America, Southern Japan, New Zealand, and parts of Northwestern Europe. The evergreen and conifer trees in these forests often grow very tall because of the long growing season.
Boreal or Taiga forests exist in the northern parts of the world such as Canada, Northern Asia, Siberia, and Scandinavia. They experience long, snowy winters suitable for evergreen trees.
Plains exist on every continent and they cover more than 30% of the Earth. Some plains are situated at low levels, such as coastal plains. Other plains are at high altitudes and can also be known as steppes. The Great Plains of the US and the Savannas in Africa are examples of large plain areas.